One of the most interesting facts is that job seekers do not understand the difference between a CV and a Resume, just like terminologies would differ from each other, for instance in UK jobs are applied with only a CV while in Australia, one applies with both a CV and a resume. In Kenya no one bother but has that one document that we use to apply all the positions.
Despite the ignorance of so many people, there is a difference between this two documents and how they are used and at what time.
What is a CV?
Originally, a CV is a translation of the term Curreculam Vitae meaning the course of life. Hence described as a document that contains details of achievements. A CV contains more than just a career biography it would also include education, previous work experience, any available publications, awards achived and any other information that would professionaly position you as a best candidate.
When it comes to arrangement, a CV takes a chronological order whereby it gives a complete impression within the first 6 seconds an employer looks into it.
The document is also a static document and does not change even when applying for multiple jobs, however this is only addressed in the cover letter.
A Resume is a short document that contains mostly the objective and goals of a candidate. It does not go beyond a page or two. When drafting a resume, a candidate is expected to tailor it to meet the requirements of the position.
A resume does not need to follow a specific order and does not need need to cover your whole career as your CV does. This main purpose is to give light and make you stand out among other candidates.
So you may ask, what are the main deferences of a CV and a resume?
The major difference is the there intention, how they are layed out and the lengths.
A CV is a discriptive document and can run for more than even 3 pages while a resume is a summary of skills and experience normally a page or two max.
A CV is expected to follow a specific order when doing the application, most of them have a similar expected order while a resume have no specific order and can be made to fit any position depending with the purpose.
In other countries they are specific on what they want. For instance in UK and New Zealand both are used to apply for all jobs while in African countries resumes are rare to use and only depends on how well they want this information.
It is wise to know the difference of this two documents not to make errors on application.